BAGHDAD – Iraq reached a crucial stage where the stands at a crossroads puts him two choices: either reconciliation and a return to democratic life, or the continuation of the division of political and social chaos and civil war, the overall division and then, according to the analysts say.
And plaguing Iraq since the U.S. withdrawal successive political crises, amid sectarian divide social security deterioration in parallel with a large turned the city of Fallujah, located only 60 km from the capital Baghdad on Saturday to the state after the Islamist occurred in the grip of al Qaeda.
He says political analyst Ihsan al-Shammari said that “the days are passing days determination. Coming days will determine the fate of Iraq fully, as the country stands at a crossroads: The State of democratic reconciliation or split Vfody comprehensive civil war and lead to the division.”
He adds, “is either a democratic Iraq where everyone is equal, and either go into the abyss.”
He lived in Iraq in 2013 enacted the bloodiest since the end of sectarian conflict in 2008, after the violence has escalated dramatically, especially those that carry sectarian character after storming Square sit-Sunni anti-authority controlled by Shiites in April in the process of which dozens were killed.
It was not the beginning of the year 2014 best on the security front, losing the security forces, for the first time in many years, control of the entire city for the benefit of al-Qaeda, where Fallujah is now in the grip of the “Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.”
The fighters managed this organization known simply as “Daash” and cross-border with Syria, from the control of Fallujah and Ramadi, some areas of the city (100 km) west of Baghdad, despite the nearby military campaign aimed at his camps about ten days ago and used the aircraft.
The control of the al-Qaeda on the city of Fallujah, an exceptional event due to Avatar worn by the city, which has fought two battles Hrstein against U.S. forces in 2004.
The attack was the first American goal to subdue the Sunni insurgency in the city, saw miserably, what about Fallujah quickly into a refuge for al-Qaeda and its allies, who were able to control and impose a fait accompli in them.
And was killed in the second battle, about two thousand civilians in addition to the 140 American soldiers, in what was described as the harshest battle waged by U.S. forces since the Vietnam War.
And sees a political science professor at the University of Mustansiriya Essam Alfeli that “al-Qaeda cells have become the main effective close of Baghdad, and in this it’s miscalculation of the government has become a drag Iraq into the unknown, warned of further crises and social divide larger and more dangerous.”
He explains that “the successive political crises operated power for the next tsunami, tsunami Daash.”
The back of this organization in 2006 in Iraq at the hands of Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who was killed in a U.S. air raid in the same year and his first goal was and still is the establishment of an Islamic caliphate in the areas inhabited by the majority of the Sunnis in Iraq, and today in Syria as well.
This is the largest and most organized of the ability of the armed rebel groups and extremist in Iraq, where adopts most of the violence in the country, which often target security forces and the areas inhabited by the majority Shiites.
Observers believe that the restoration of this organization for the influence which he enjoyed in the period after the invasion due to his success in riding the wave of anger of the Sunni-based sense of marginalization and targeting repeated, pointing out that this does not mean that the Sunnis are turning to loyal to the base, but they limit the cooperation with government regulation in this hunt.
Says Charles Lester, a researcher at the Brookings Doha Center said that “the power and the control of extremist groups on the ground in Anbar expand” that share borders with Syria length of about 300 km, and was considered one of the main strongholds of al-Qaeda al-Zarqawi days.
He adds that the process of removing the sit-Sunni anti-government in the province last Monday, which was demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki accused of pursuing a policy of marginalization of the right of the year, pushed Sunni tribes to enter into conflict with the security forces “have successfully organizing Daash to ride the wave of Sunni anger this.”
In addition to the deterioration of security and the rampant corruption in the body of the state, Iraq suffers from paralysis at the level of the work of the government led by the conflicting currents of Sunni-Shiite sometimes threaten to resign, and at other times, inciting its partners in the Council of Ministers.
This paralysis extends to the House of Representatives, which is often merely postpone announcing its failure to reach agreement on the majority of important laws, at a time when the country stands on the threshold of new parliamentary elections at the end of April next year.
Al-Shammari and sees that “the authorities to focus on the parties of the moderate Sunni Arabs to attract them to the judgment and give them a large area at the level of the federal authorities even hope to see a democratic Iraq.”
He adds, “Sunni Arabs are the ones who will determine the fate of Iraq’s next.”
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